Fisheries scientists analyze the ecological health and sustainability of fisheries, how the health of fisheries affects the people who interact with them and vice versa. Fisheries scientists assess and monitor fish and aquatic invertebrate populations to determine ecological and economic health of the environment as well as to determine harvest rates of various species. Harvest rates refer to the amount of fish or aquatic invertebrates caught for commercial, recreational or subsistence purposes. Fisheries scientists conduct research in the field as well as in laboratories.  Source:

Fisheries scientists work in all types of environments.  One day might be in the office and the next you are on a river setting out sample nets in the rain.    

Most careers related to fisheries science require a college degree.  Students should understand that a bachelor’s degree is a stepping stone toward a postgraduate education if they plan to become a fisheries biologist or specialize in other fisheries related careers.

Besides having a strong educational background, all graduates seeking a fisheries career require these very important qualifications.

  • Strong critical thinking and problem-solving skills
  • Good written and oral communication skills
  • Well-developed people skills
  • Practical field skills

There are many careers associated with a degree in fisheries science.  Education and experience requirements for specific careers is different between governmental, non-governmental, and private sectors.   Some careers in fisheries science require a specialized degree in fisheries science because it typically provides more job-related training than general biology degrees.

Check out our list of Careers Associated with Fisheries

Volunteer work, internships, and short-term fish technician positions are good ways to gain valuable training that can give you an edge in the competitive job market.

Ideal candidates have assisted in the development of fisheries project and study plans as well as guidelines for projects such as preparing maps of survey areas, selecting applicable methods, determining equipment needs, and assessing measurements outside the normal tolerance range.

Check out our list of qualifications which can improve your candidacy when applying for a fisheries related job.

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